Golf Swing Mechanics for Beginners
Golf has never been more popular than it is today, but unless you know golf swing mechanics you won’t make it far even if you have the most expensive clubs and gear. Before you set out to play on a golf course and take those mighty swings, you need to start with the fundamentals, and that means learning how to hold a golf club properly.
How to Hold a Golf Club
Any golf swing basics lesson begins with holding the club. So stand up and allow your arms to hang by your sides loosely. Notice that your neutral hand position means you can see your middle finger’s knuckle and the knuckle on your index finger. This is how you should hold the club, in your natural hand position.
Bring your lead hand on the club and hold it with your thumb pointed downwards, with the knuckles of your middle and index fingers still visible. The “V” of your index finger and thumb should be pointed at the rear shoulder. Before you can learn anything about the golf swing plane, you need to put your trailing hand under your top hand, all the while maintaining your natural position.
Now that you’re holding the golf club, it’s time to give it a firm grip. There are many ways to do this, but the most common is the Vardon grip where you fit the pinkie finger of your trailing hand between the middle and index finger of your lead hand. It’s very important for your golf swing speed and accuracy to have a solid grip since it will improve your swing. Once you have the proper grip, you’ll be rewarded with more solid impacts when you swing. At the same time, the proper grip provides your wrists with the correct hinge and improves your power.
Improve Your Stance
If you want to succeed in golf, you need to assume the right stance. First, spread your feet about shoulder width apart and your body weight has to be balanced on the balls of your feet. Next, flex your knees, not much, just a little, and bend at the hips but don’t slouch and keep your spine straight.
As you work on your golf swing mechanics, loosen your grip on the club a bit but make sure you still hold it securely. Remember to keep your body position but don’t be rigid. Keep practicing this stance until it becomes second nature to you. Anyone can grab a golf club, but if you want to have consistent swings, developing the right stance is necessary. With the right stance, you’ll achieve the right balance which is essential to the game.
Make the Swing
Once your posture and balance are correct, you can now take a swing. When studying golf swing basics, you’ll learn to do the waggle, and it’s important that you learn it as it ensures your weight is distributed uniformly on your feet. When you do the waggle, your upper shoulders and upper body must not move. Remember that the backswing begins with the rotation and not your hands.
The movement of your arms begins when you rotate your body, with your hands keeping up the pressure on the club throughout. You need to practice this by grabbing the club across the back or the front of your shoulders during the set up. Next, you need to make sure that you are at the appropriate golf swing plane, and rotate your body to the right and left like it’s swinging.
The backswing begins with the first rotation, with your arms, hands, hips and shoulders in a smooth, simultaneous manner. Your shoulders have to turn so your back faces your target and your weight on the right foot. The downswing starts when you push your weight from the right, left and rotate your hips and body. This in turn lets your hands, arms and shoulders follow easily while providing your club with power. Make sure also that on impact your hips are turned with your shoulders corresponding to the ball. Again, the movement has to be smooth and in motion up the follow through.
The only instance when your right foot will move is shortly following the impact because it is necessary to make that swing through. It’s very important that your body isn’t rigid since this is not a hit, but a swing. Also, it helps if you rotate faster since that will produce more power. When swinging, your hips have to lead your shoulders always.
The power drive is one of the most exciting parts of the game, but the truth is these take time to practice and learn. If you want to learn the power drive, you should work on your backswing. Aside from the tips mentioned above, you should put your leading arm behind your trailing arm’s elbow. Now, swing your club until your arm has pivoted at an angle of 90 degrees. When you reach that point, pause and add your lead arm prior to the follow through. This will take some time, but keep it up and you will add distance and power to your drives.
One more thing needs to be said here – you also need to practice wider stances than normal and firmer grips than usual. You will need this in case you’re playing and are trying to avoid a sand trap. Aside from a powerful grip, you also need to work on your golf swing speed and also choose a club that will provide you with enough to get over the bunker. If you’re stuck in an angled, deep sand trap, bury your feet in the sand and swing at the sand, not the ball. Doing this will likely catapult the ball up and out of the trap.